Sprouting the seeds is a common challenge experienced by farmers at times. Not all seeds are the same. Most of them require variable conditions for optimum growth. Seed germination may found daunting to beginner farmers, but it is not that big a challenge.
With close observation and little patience. Seeds start sprouting perfectly. Unsuitable temperature and lack of moisture lead to seedlings withering.
Below are the factors that affect seed germination and some preventive measures:
- Seed storage
Storing seeds in appropriate conditions is important to keep their potency. Seeds have to be kept out of moist areas to avoid rot. Otherwise, they have a tendency to pop early. They should also be kept away from overheated areas so that they don’t get too dry. Store seeds in a container that has no air contact, in a cool and dark place.
If you have saved vegetable seeds the previous year, remember to take care of the following:
- When you have grown your seeds, don’t put them away without allowing them to dry completely as they can cause them to rot.
- The seeds should be from a healthy parent plant else they may harbor infection and prevent sprouting.
- Seed Dormancy
This is a scenario where the seed fails to germinate under an optimal environment atmosphere. Some seeds that thrive best in springs are auto-tuned to germinate in cold temperatures.
Seeds pop up if the dormancy factor is broken in any physical or chemical form. They might have a thick seed coating constituting a physical dormancy. And for this reason, they have to be pre-soaked at times. Many have internal chemical dormancy that prevents germination. Keep them in cold temperature to help them gain the required oxygen level.
Note: It is better to purchase online vegetable seeds for best quality.
- The optimal temperature of the soil
Timing is the key as it involves the temperature level. Make sure the temperature of the soil is not too cold for the seeds. Keep them more than 15 degrees as they need warmth to germinate. Similarly, the temperature should not be too warm else the seeds are going to die. Maintain a temperature below 27 degrees.
- Don’t over fertilize
Resist the eagerness to see them grow too early for your region. When the appropriate season approaches, they start germinating automatically. Ensure you are not over fertilizing the soil. It is normal to be concerned about the health of the soil, and it is possible to add more than what is required. Try planting the seed that you have purchased from agriculture seed supplier in the premises that contain vermicompost having naturally occurring minerals. This will help in holding the moisture and disperse it as needed for the seed to sprout.
- Avoid over irrigation
The seed requires moist soil for optimum growing conditions. Drenching the soil by supplying excess water will deplete the required oxygen in the soil. The tender seeds won’t be able to tolerate the amount of water supplied and may die. Also, the tender roots will be the first one to fall prey to being too wet as the development of the root will terminate.
While every day is a new day, seed germination can become a seamless process by taking care of the aforementioned things. They will not only give a healthy crop but will also save a lot of time. You are suggested to rely on an experienced agriculture seed supplier who delivers quality seeds.
Happy season to you!