How Many Types of Cancers Are There And What Are They?

How Many Types of Cancers Are There And What Are They?

Cancer is called after the part of the body where it originated. When cancer spreads, it keeps this same style. For example, if kidney cancer increases to the lungs, it is still kidney cancer, not lung cancer. Lung cancer would be an instance of a secondary tumor.

Staging is the method of determining whether cancer has spread and, if so, how far. There is more than one system utilized for staging cancer.

What Are the Different Types of Cancer?

Cancer is not just one disease but rather a group of conditions, all of which cause cells in the body to develop and grow out of control. Cancers are classified either according to the sort of fluid or tissue from which they originate or according to the location in the body where they first began. In addition, some cancers are of different types.

The following are the few broad categories intimate the tissue and blood classifications of cancer:

What Are The Major Cancers That Occur In Women?

A cancer diagnosis is associated with family medical history, lifestyle choices, or something in the environment. Controlling the family history or the environment is not possible, but one can or maintain a healthy lifestyle habits such as a good diet, weight control, regular physical activity, and quitting smoking if you’re prone to lighting up. There are various types of cancer that occur in women among which some are major, and the chances are more. Below is the list one can even access in the Cancer Science Journal.

Breast Cancer

A woman’s chances of getting breast cancer are 1 in 8. There is no sure way to prevent breast cancer from occurring and also, various risk factors are beyond control. Being aware of the common risk factors can help you deal with the ones that are in your control. The risk factors are as follows.

  • Being a woman
  • Age
  • Family history
  • Genes
  • Race
  • Dense breast tissue
  • History of radiation treatment to the chest
  • More than the average number of menstrual cycles
  • No pregnancy or late first pregnancy
  • Birth control pills
  • History of treatment with diethylstilbestrol (DES)
  • Post-menopausal hormone therapy
  • Not breastfeeding
  • Being overweight
  • Lack of exercise
  • Heavy drinking
  • Red meat consumption

Lung And Bronchus Cancer

A woman’s chances of getting lung cancer are 1 in 17. Lung cancer is known to be the deadliest cancer that can occur in women as well as in men. The primary reason for this is smoking. Even being exposed to smoke can be a cause of lung cancer. You can read more about in the Women’s Health Journal While family history has a role in the occurrence of this cancer, the other factors include:

  • Secondhand smoke
  • Asbestos
  • Radon gas
  • Diesel exhaust
  • Arsenic (either inhaled or in drinking water)
  • Air pollution

Following a healthy diet plan and controlling the alcohol intake may help its risk.

Colon and Rectal Cancer

A woman’s chances of getting colon or rectal cancer are 1 in 24. These cancers can occur in teenagers and young adults. But, the majority of cases diagnosed are in adults aged 50 and over. The following are some of the risk factors that can be controlled:

  • A personal or family history of polyps or colorectal cancer.
  • Having an inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.
  • Smoking
  • Inactivity
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Heavy drinking
  • A rich diet in red or processed meat or low in fruits and vegetables
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Being African-American or an Ashkenazi Jew (a Jew of Eastern European descent).

Limiting red and processed meats and increasing fiber intake can reduce risk.

Uterine Cancer

A woman’s odds of getting uterine cancer are 1 in 36. Uterine cancer, also commonly known as endometrial cancer is cancer in the lining of the uterus, endometrium, and it is the most common type of cancer that affects the female reproductive organs. It is more common than ovarian cancers or cervical cancer. The factors that lead up to this cancer include:

  • A high-fat or high-calorie diet
  • Diabetes
  • Age
  • Personal history of breast or ovarian cancer
  • Family history of uterine cancer or colon cancer
  • Endometrial hyperplasia, thickening of the uterine lining

Using a non hormonal IUD (intrauterine device) for birth control has shown to reduce the risk of this cancer.

What Is Called As Carcinoma?

According to Women’s Health journal a carcinoma is cancer located in body tissue known as epithelial tissue that covers or lines outsides of organs, glands, or body structures. For instance, a cancer of the lining of the stomach is called a carcinoma. Many carcinomas affect processes or glands that are involved with secretion, such as breasts that give milk. Carcinomas account for 80-90% of all cancer samples.

What Are The Types Of Carcinoma include?

  • Melanoma
  • Merkel cell carcinoma
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Basal cell carcinoma
  • What Is Called As Sarcoma?

A sarcoma is a malignant tumor originating from connective tissues, such as fat, muscle, cartilage, tendons, and bones. The most common sarcoma, a tumor on the bone, usually occurs in young adults. Examples of sarcoma include osteosarcoma (bone) and chondrosarcoma (cartilage).

What Are The Types Of Sarcoma Include:

  • Soft tissue sarcoma
  • Ewing’s sarcoma
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Chondrosarcoma

What Is Called As Lymphoma?

Lymphoma involves to cancer that originates in the nodes or glands of the lymphatic system, whose job it is to produce white blood cells and clear body fluids, or in organs such as the head and breast. Lymphomas are organized into two categories: Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

What Are The Types Of Lymphoma Include?

  • Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Cutaneous lymphoma
  • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma

What Is Called As Leukemia?

According to a Cancer Science Journal, Leukemia, also identified as blood cancer, is a cancer of the bone marrow that has the heart from producing healthy red and white blood cells and platelets. White blood cells are required to combat infection. Red blood cells are wanted in series to prevent anemia. Platelets have the body from just bruising and bleeding.

Examples of leukemia include intense myelogenous leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, intense lymphocytic leukemia, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. The titles myelogenous and lymphocytic indicate the type of cells that are required.

What Are The Types Of Leukemia Include?

  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia
  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia
  • Agnogenic myeloid leukemia
  • Essential thrombocythemia (ET)
  • Hairy cell leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).